The 4 C's

The Cut

Don't underestimate the power of "the cut”. The way a diamond is cut determines not only what you see in terms of brilliance and reflection, but also it determines the sparkle and gleam that captures your attention. You can have perfect shape, color, and clarity, but if the diamond is cut poorly your stone is going to be dull and lifeless, leaving you disappointed.

Diamond Cutting

The cut is about proportion, angle, and reflection.  The goal is to have all light radiating from the surface.  The cut is graded on a scale ranging from excellent to poor.  The cut distinguishes the stone.  The height versus depth ratio, known as depth percentage, and the very top of the stone versus the width, known as table percentage, is all noted and proportioned by the cut.  Be sure to look at the whole picture when picking out your diamond.  The cut goes much deeper than what is visible to the naked eye, but it carries much weight in the quality and value of your diamond.

The Carat

Bigger is not always better in the diamond business. The weight of the diamond is measured in carats. One carat is broken down and divided into 100 points, therefore a diamond of 75 points weighs .75 carat. Carat-weight is rather easy to determine, but two diamonds of equal weight can have very unequal value, depending on the cut, color and clarity. One carat is equal to 1/5th of a gram. Fine quality can be found in diamonds of all shapes and sizes. A fine quality diamond is appreciated.

The Clarity

Perfection in a diamond is a rarity. Diamonds are graded under 10 times magnification to determine their clarity. Clarity is the measure of inclusions or imperfections. Clarity is graded on "completely flawless" to "noticeably imperfect" diamonds. The fewer and smaller the inclusions are, the less likely it is that such miniscule imperfections will interfere with the passage of light through the diamond, therefore leaving you with a beautiful and radiating stone. A diamond that is free of both inclusions and surface blemishes is indeed a rarity and therefore more valuable.

The Color

As far as diamonds are concerned; good color is no color. Diamonds are found in a range of colors, from colorless yellow or brown to very rare pinks and blues. The best color in this business is no color. A totally colorless diamond allows a transparent passing of white light to illuminate the diamond and radiate from the center of the diamond outward.

Diamond color is graded on a scale ranging from D (colorless) to Z (strong yellow). This range takes you along the spectrum from the most valuable and precious to a lesser quality diamond. Your price range will determine what color, cut and shape that your diamond will have; D to F being most expensive, and J being less pricey.

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